What happens after death? This is a mystery which man has always tried to solve using his intellect.If death is the end of our life then dharma, sin, good deeds, charity, etc will lose significance. The person who has attained vast amounts of knowledge and who keeps a benevolent attitude towards society will be lost forever is difficult to digest. Man does not do anything unless he understands its benefits. One wants assurance that one’s efforts towards uplifting of one’s intellect and morality should be successful. This should be the basis of the construction of divine justice/nyaya and the doctrine of work / karma phala vyavastha.
Most of the people believe in the justice of god, yet we feel that innumerable efforts seem to go unrewarded. Many noble lives are lost to an early death . One is forced to question whether this is the destiny of man? The intellect does not agree. Efforts should be allowed to reach fruition & talent should be allowed to flower. If this life is depressing and devoid of resources (e.g. deaf & dumb, death in infancy) to help attain salvation, then one should get another chance/life. Dharma says that the end of this body does not mean the end of atma/soul. The body is made of limbs and organs and hence will be destroyed one day. The soul is devoid of material components & form, it is purely consciousness and hence eternal.
सोSरिष्ट न मरिश्यसि न मरिश्यसि म़ा बिभे ath 8/2/24
O non-violent eternal soul, u will not die, u will not die, do not be afraid.
Then where will this soul go after leaving the body? The soul is eternal so that it can improve its capabilities to attain salvation or any other goal. Can a soul attain the best of its capabilities in one life? Doesn’t the soul need to work more?
At the time of death, the person begs for more time to conquer one’s weaknesses. Will AUM the benevolent not grant the soul more chances to improve? God gives capabilities to a soul and life to gain work-experience and knowledge. When we look around we see that there are umpteen varieties of talented souls who are at different stages of development/achievement. This itself is a proof that this is not the 1st birth of these souls. The soul is eternal and formless. Its capabilities are being improved through time and births and will continue in future too. This opinion of Darshan/Philosophy is called AAWAGAMAN/cycle of birth & death. All schools of religious thought agree to a life after life, although some reject the principle of continuity of life. Presently, Islam and Christianity agree that there are 2 lives – the present life and the life after the end of the world. They believe that the present life is a place for work and the hereafter is a place for reaping the rewards of this work. The question arises as to why does the place for work expires in one life only? Many people die in their infancy! Some even though enjoying longevity, are not able to improve their intellectual capabilities and powers of the soul. If they are not given another chance to improve/learn then this may be construed as arising out of the following reasons:
1. That the advancement which has been attained in the present life may be considered as adequate.
2. That God realized his mistake in this instance and does not want to repeat it.
The human brain does not accept both these reasons. Why should a soul not be allowed to take another life to improve oneself and attain the goal prescribed by God himself? We have gained experienced about the place where a soul can improve itself. Why should we be sent to any other place without realizing our full potential here? In this place built with pancha bhutas we can attain the supreme.
Islam and Christianity say that after this life one will remain in a vegetative state till the day of the judgement [DOTJ]. After the DOTJ the moslems/christians will go to heaven and the rest will go to hell – FOREVER. The muslims while lying in the grave will talk to the angels munkir and nakeer. They will also experience pain inside the grave. We think that this is a waste of time for a soul who needs time to improve. Further, those who will be sent to hell forever without a chance for improvement does not uphold the benevolence of the creator. The question arises as to why is a limited life which can accumulate limited good deeds will be rewarded by by an unlimited life at heaven? Same is true for life at hell! The moslems/christians say that God is merciful since he will give life at heaven to all the moslems/christians [some have started saying that the unbelievers will goto heaven after staying at hell. The muslims also believe that only 1 out of 72 sects will reach paradise and no one knows which sect is the chosen one.] Now how can that God who allows a born dead moslem/christian to attain paradise but keeps the rest in hell even though they spent their lives in serving humanity, etc be JUST or MERCIFUL? Further, what is the relevance of good deeds vis-a-vis attaining heaven?
In the Vedic dharma a soul is allowed several lives to work towards mukti. This ensures that God is merciful and just. It also gives weight to good deeds.
Rishi Dayanand wote a critical appraisal of islam & Christianity here
John Stuart Mill wrote on the beliefs of christians and muslims and stated that “There is, therefore, no assurance whatever of a life after death, on grounds of natural religion.”http://www.skeptically.org/thinkersonreligion/id13.html
Emerson considered the Soul as an evolving, becoming entity. Its advances, he says, are not made by gradation, such as can be expressed by motion in a straight line, but rather by an ascension of state. There are stairs on the ladder of evolution, he continues, which we have already climbed; but there are stairs above us, many a one, which go upward and out of sight. How can these stairs be climbed save through the process of Reincarnation? It is apparent that Emerson considered this idea as the only logical one. http://www.blavatsky.net/magazine/theosophy/ww/setting/emersontwo.html
many famous people believed in reincarnation :
Further, one sect of Islam i.e. Tanasikhiya believe in the re-incarnation of soul. Check here:
|65.||Tanasikhiya||They believe in the re-incarnation of soul.|
|70.||Lafziyah||They believe that Quran is not the word of God but only its meaning and essence is the word of God. Words of Quran are just the words of narrator.|
The Lafziyah sect believes that the quranic words are the words of the prophet Mohammed. This echoes the views of Rishi Dayanand when he said that “These things clearly show that God said nothing of the sort, and that it was Mohammad, and not God who said anything suited to the occasion to serve his selfish purpose and attributed all these things to God. Not only we but all thoughtful men will say that (the Mohammedan) God was a mere procurer of wives for Mohammad.” PAGE 714 http://www.aryasamajjamnagar.org/chapterfourteen.htm#38
In case someone wants to check the authenticity of the claim that 72 sects exist in Islam should check here :http://worldmuslimcongress.blogspot.in/2012/02/re-muslims-together-ahmadiyya-muslims.html
The ccritical appraisal of the quran by rishi Dayanand did not go waste. sir Sayyid Ahmad Khan was a contemporary of Rishi DAyanand and he used to learn at his feet.Sir Sayyid wrote a translation of the quran which was different from the orthodox views. That is not available to us now but we can find some references to the same in ‘Hayat-e-Javed’ written by Maulana Altaf Hussain Hali.” Thus whatever is written regarding the Day of the Judgement namely resurrection of the dead, judging the good and bad deeds, heaven and hell,As-Sirat [the hair-narrow bridge which every person must pass on the Yawm ad-Din to enter Paradise], are allegorical references and not actual events which might occur.
Maulana Shibli while writing on heaven and hell says that , ” Regarding the subject of pain and happiness all the doctrines of religion agree that when a person does not obey the commandments of god, god is angered and the person is punished on qayamat, those who obey are rewarded…….. But this is not the actual situation. rather, it is a way of narrating the actual situation in a hearer- friendly manner. The truth is that in this world cause, effect and reaction are intertwined with each other. Arsenic kills a person, Rose aggravates common cold, Amaltas causes [over] excretion of stools. Similiarly, there is a relationship of cause and effect in the spiritual world. Good and bad deeds cause a good or bad influence on the soul of a person. Good deeds increase the happiness of a person and bad deeds increase the attachment and pain.This is called reward/PLEASURE and punishment/PAIN. [AL-KALAM PP 139-140]
Maulana Abdulla Chakdalwi of a sect of lahore namely ‘Ahle-Quran’ says in ‘Huzzat-ul-Islam pp79 that ,”I want to answer the 14th chapter of Satyarthaprakash of Rishi Dayanand. In the quran wherever the word HEAVEN appears its meaning should be taken as A BEAUTIFUL GARDEN ON EARTH. Those who think that the term /nafkh/ means ‘blow’ and the term /sur/ means ‘trumpet’ [http://www.coiradio.com/library/library/quran/light/light_19/078/17-20.htm] do not -know the quran at all [pp45] . The true meaning is ‘ and consciousness will be created in the form of the wise men’. Sharaab-e-tahoor does not mean sharaab/wine, it means water, milk or honey [pp93]. Regarding SHIFAAT [http://www.hizmetbooks.org/Endless_Bliss_Second_Fascicle/bliss2-35.htm] there shall be no intercession by the prophet/muslims will only bear witness to events he has seen or heard. That’s all [pp60]”.
Maulana sana-ullah writes in haq-prakash,” He who cannot satisfy many Houris will not be given many e.g. Rishi Dayanand will not be given even one houri [pp 197-198]. One should understand sharaab-e-tahoor to be milk[pp30]. The shifaat of Rasul was good enough to bring a lot many kafirs to islam[pp69].
The above is a sample of the earthquake felt by Islam due to the 14th chapter of Satyarthprakash of Rishi Dayanand.
The Ahmadiyya community does not believe in the everlasting nature of punishment in hell. http://www.muslim.org/islam/int-is35.htm
There are other muslims too who do not believe in eternal hell.
Do read this on the above issue.
To be continued